Elena's Movie Review Madness

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The Philippines` decision to accede to the Paris Agreement should be a wake-up call for countries that have not yet joined the agreement. Although the country has a president who initially rejected the Paris agreement, it has now shown a firm commitment to the agreement. After President Duterte took office, he called the agreement “stupid.” When an ambassador from an industrialization nation reminded him of The New Filipinos` climate commitments, Duterte said he wanted to “hit” him because he had the hypocrisy of having an evolved nation recite a less industrialized nation about its greenhouse gas emissions. This measure alone could reduce emissions by about 60 million TCO2e by 2030 compared to our current policy scenario, a reduction from 32% to 35%. These emission reductions have been quantified on the basis of independent projections that do not necessarily reflect the government`s plans for the use of renewable energy sources, but reflect the maximum impact of the policy, including the possibility of political outreach (Ahmed-Brown, 2020). In addition, the philippine Energy Plan (PEP) project provides for a much greater use of solar energy than the “National Renewable Energy Program.” A number of reforms are under way to create a more competitive electricity market that favours renewable energy. The introduction of new rules on the renewable energy market, under which renewable energy will be auctioned, and a deforestation clause allowing distribution companies to reduce electricity generation from coal, will pave the way for domestic competition. Duterte`s signature comes more than a decade after more than 100 countries signed the agreement at the United Nations headquarters in New York. Meralco, the Philippines` main electricity supplier, has introduced a discount clause in its electricity purchase contracts in 2020 (Ahmed- Dalusung, 2020). This clause reduces coal energy if demand is lower due to the pandemic.

These developments can, together, help to abandon coal-fired electricity, although large distributors can still pass on higher production costs to end consumers (Department of Energy, 2018). Earlier this week, the Philippines officially acceded to the Paris Agreement. According to its Climate Change Commission, the next step for the country will be to integrate and integrate the “country`s commitments into national policies, plans and programs” resulting from the agreement. Among these commitments is a conditional commitment to reduce emissions by 70% from forecasts by 2030. The path to the Paris Climate Conference (COP21) began in the Philippines when Manila Call to Action on Climate Change was launched during French President Fran├žois Hollande`s state visit to the Philippines in February 2015. This appeal to the international community symbolized our shared commitment to the fight against climate change. The road from Paris continued in Manila through our October 2015 climate week, where we supported, together with politicians, artists, the Academy, civil society and the public, the conclusion of an ambitious, universal and legally binding agreement at COP21. The agreement, which came into force on November 4, aims to transform the global fossil fuel economy within decades and slow the pace of global temperature rise to “significantly less” 2 degrees Celsius.

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