Elena's Movie Review Madness

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These public health emergencies have reinforced the recognition of potential and real barriers to effective mutual assistance and have highlighted legal “gaps” to be filled, both inside and outside the EMAC. Although EMAC facilitated the transfer of unprecedented mutual assistance to the affected areas affected by Katrina, response gaps have been improved. For this reason, many states have not been able or unsure of how they can use the services of volunteers (who were not protected from legal liability) 4. However, some states are trying to address this problem.5 In addition, the provisions of the EMAC are triggered only by a governor`s declaration, the sharing of small-scale resources, emergencies not declared by agreements separated by the EMAC, must take effect. The same applies to the exchange of epidemiological or laboratory data to detect endangered infectious diseases. In some circumstances, it may even be argued that routine public health functions would be more effective in concluding mutual assistance agreements for the exchange of relevant information, supplies or equipment. Finally, with respect to agreements with Canadian provinces and Mexican states, the establishment of labour relations will allow U.S. lawyers to rely, to some extent, on lawyers from Canada and Mexico to explain their laws. Nevertheless, U.S. lawyers would be well advised to develop expertise on these laws to ensure that mutual assistance agreements are negotiated on a sound legal basis and that they meet the objectives shared by the U.S. and Mexican states and The Canadian provinces.

We describe the basic legal framework for states to provide mutual assistance between states and internationals, to identify gaps in this framework and to make proposals that could be taken to fill these gaps. We focus on: (1) types of mutual assistance; (2) current federal approaches to promoting the increased use of mutual assistance agreements by states; (3) State mutual assistance projects, including efforts to assess legal competences; and (4) Constitutional and other legal issues relating to mutual assistance (Tables 1▶-3▶▶ include laws and other authorities in relation to international and intergovernmental mutual assistance). Our conclusions point out that while existing legal powers may authorize certain types of mutual assistance (for example. (B) exchange of information), several additional measures, including legislative changes by the state, congressional approval, final legal interpretations and emergency declarations by governors, will be required before other forms of mutual assistance can be implemented. The U.S.-Canada treaty calls for the promotion and facilitation of adequate cooperation between provinces and states in the area of emergency management. The Stafford Act requires the director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to “provide all viable assistance to states when it comes to organizing, through the Department of Foreign Affairs, emergency reciprocal assistance between states and neighbouring countries.” 8 One of the tasks of the U.S.-Mexico Border Surveillance Commission is to establish a system for collecting health data and monitoring health problems in the U.S.-Mexico border area.

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